PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome) can be diagnosed with a group of symptoms including excess facial hair, irregular menstrual cycle, acne and trouble in conceiving etc. Approximately 15% of women are diagnosed with the condition. PCOS, when left unchecked can also result into type 2 diabetes and a higher risk of endometrial cancer.
The Contraceptive Pill
Taking birth control pills for polycystic ovarian syndrome is very common. It helps in regulating your menstrual cycle and can possibly assist in treating other symptoms like hair loss and acne. There are two types of oral contraceptives based upon their hormone- content. There are – progestin-only tablets and combination pills which contain progestin & estrogen.
Most women buy Loette pills and other ‘combo’ pills like it which contain one or other generation of progestin and estrogen.
Hormones and the Periods
During ones’ periods, the estrogen hormone is secreted by the developing egg follicle which assists in thickening the endometrium lining- preparing it for a pregnancy.
After the ovulation cycle has occurred, progesterone is discharged by the empty egg follicle which is known as the corpus luteum. Progesterone hormone hit their peak levels nearly seven days after ovulation. Progesterone hormone also causes the uterine to exude special proteins in preparation for implantation of a matured ova. When fertilization does not happen, it prohibits the body from creating and secreting more eggs in the latter half of the menstrual cycle.
How do birth control pills prevent pregnancy?
By maintaining the increased blood levels of these hormones, the contraceptive tricks the system in various ways.
Its most crucial mechanism’s involve preventing the release of mature egg by prohibiting the change in hormone levels that is essential in the ovulation process and important for it to occur. This additionally keeps the cervical mucus thick which helps in stopping the sperm travel from reaching the fallopian tubes.
Why should I take the pill if I am suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome?
One of the most general symptoms of PCOS is irregular periods.Throughout a normal menstrual cycle, the endometrium lining of the uterus is exposed to hormones, like progesterone and estrogen, which results in the endometrial lining to thicken and proliferate. Right after the ovulation, progesterone levels rise and then drop before menstruation.
It is the drop in levels of progesterone levels that influences the endometrial lining to be shed each menstrual cycle.
In PCOS, ovulation does not happen regularly which prevents the increased and decrease in the levels of progesterone hormone which initiates the woman’s periods. Instead this uterine lining is not cast off and is exposed to estrogen for a longer period of time causing the uterine lining to transform thicker than usual. This may lead to inconsistent and heavy bleeding.
This however is not a regular menstrual cycle because ovulation has not occurred. Taking birth control pills regularly exposes the body to progesterone dosage which your system needs, causing the uterine lining to be disposed regularly and therefore decreasing the risk of getting endometrial hyperplasia (and as result reducing the risk of uterine cancer).
Combination pills are contraceptive tablets composed of a duo of synthetic female hormones – progestin and estrogen. One of the most known brand of this is the – Ovral birth control pill. They can be differentiated on the basis of whether dose of progestin-estrogen stay the same all through the pack (monophasic). In case the levels of progestin increases through the pack, while the estrogen dosage stays the same it would be identified as biphasic.
It is important to note that whatever may be the type of birth control, the last remaining seven tablets are non-active and do not contain any hormonal content.