Ovulation takes place when an ovum is released from the ovaries during the menstrual cycle. The period/phase of ovulation could be different for every woman. Similarly, even the menstrual pain or ovulation pain experienced by them is different for every woman.
Around 20% of women in the world encounter discomfort and pain mid-menstrual cycle. Since this is the phase when they ovulate, the pain is assumed to be ovulation pain. The pain can last for almost around 2 days or more depending on the cause of the pain.
Most women find it normal to encounter such pain every menstrual cycle. However, it is important that you do not neglect its symptoms if the pain becomes severe or prolonged.
This blog explains a few things that you need to know about ovulation pain ( mid-pain)
Following are the symptoms of Ovulation pain:
- The abdominal area experiences pain
- You feel pain in the belly and abdomen part for almost 14 days before your menstruation date.
- Either left or right side of the uterus i.e. in one of the ovaries.
- Cramps, twinges, sharp pains or uncomfortable pressure.
Possible reasons behind ovulation pain:
- Sexual hormones in the body stimulate the ovaries to make around twenty follicles. Thought only one follicle ovum gets mature in every menstrual cycle, each follicle holds an ovum. It is believed that cramps experienced during ovulation could be due to the membrane getting stretched of the ovary when the follicle expands.
- The egg ruptures from the follicle while maturing. This sometimes causes spotting. If the abdomen lining finds discomfort due to the blood, it can cause pain.
Ovulation pain and concerning health issues:
Ovulation pain alone could be safe and not alarming. Having said that, you should observe your abdominal pain because if you are experiencing it for a long time, it could show health concerns. Some of them are as follow:
- Infection to the fallopian tubes
- Inflammation or infection to the pelvic area
- Painful sexual intercourse could show the signs of endometriosis
- The embryo grows on the outer part of the uterus
- Bumps on the ovaries
- Gastrointestinal problems.
Learn more about the symptoms of the aforementioned diseases. If you happen to observe them, get medical help as soon as possible and treat them.
Ovulation pain is generally harmless and hence often ignored. If you wish to lower the ovulation pain, you can take some over the counter painkillers or heat your abdominal area with a heating pad.