The hormones in birth control tablets prevent pregnancy by decreasing pituitary gland function, which prohibits release of eggs from the ovary. Once ovulation is prohibited, the progestin from medication prevents sperm from contacting the eggs by altering uterus lining and cervical thickness. Some of these tablets are progestin-only-pill, others are known as mini-pill. These work to disrupt the process of causing pregnancy. There are different types of contraceptives even when it comes to the medicinal ones. Thus, it is best to have a chat with your healthcare provider before choosing one.
Discuss about apt dosage as well. There are tablets, which have combination of progestin and estrogen. These are more effective against progestin-only medicines. But, not all women are compatible to estrogen, so for them the latter option may work out better. The products are sufficient when taken once a day at the strict time every day. You must utilize a back-up non-hormonal contraception as like condoms if there are symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, or taking other medicine, which can mar the working of birth control pills.
Benefits and Working of Oral Contraceptives
There are other medical benefits of taking birth control pills. Some may use these for getting rid of acne, menstrual cramps, endometriosis, irregular menstrual periods and other. However, different or lower dose of the medicine is then used as per doctor’s indication. For disallowing pregnancy, the medication causes the cervical mucus thickening to disable meeting of eggs with sperm, and breaking of uterine lining to prevent fertilization. Lack of ovulation too contributes to unavailability of mature eggs.
Which Precautions you must Take?
Using condoms could be important from the point of protection against sexually transmitted infection, which the tablets are unable to offer. Another advice is to not take the tablet if already pregnant, as it would then not do anything to stop pregnancy. If the dosage of a tablet everyday at same time is followed, you can expect 99 percent of good result. The oral contraceptive pill have no major side effects, but it is possible to get irregular periods, weight change, headaches, nausea in the initial few days or months of the regimen.
What are the Side Effects?
Spotting can occur in the initial 3 weeks of beginning the course and when a dose is missed. Nausea can occur occasionally but are not long lasting. Headache can affect some as the medicine lowers estrogen for some time. For women mood changes can be common, soreness or enlarged breasts goes away as well quickly. Few women lose or gain weight. But, it is not actually attributed to the tablet. These are often resulting of change in eating habits one takes up due to other factors like mood swing etc.
What you must tell the Doctor?
Though every woman can utilize the medicine, those who are under 18 must not avoid consulting doctor for using these contraceptives. If the woman is breastfeeding, has neurological/cardiovascular disorders, adrenal problems, of menses problem, or in menopause, then they must not administer these medicines to themselves. When talking to the doctor, you must relay all the prescription medications you take or any over-the-counter preparation. As the tablets may interact with few medicines, the doctor must know your medical history and medications being used currently or any allergy that you may possess.