Continuing from the last blog, here is-why a waiting period [ which is imposed mandatorily by few state laws] is not only unnecessary but is harmful for women access abortive services as well.
The harm in mandatorily requiring more than one trip to the healthcare setting
While many states don’t impose this, some have an in-person meeting requirements. This means that the women having abortion – by MTP Kit or by surgery, have to make numerous trips to the hospital. Women who have tow take more trips to a clinic may face higher costs, complicated logistics and delay in care.
Due to such laws that enforce medically needless trips to the clinic, women face various troubles. These problems include encountering logistical challenges, expenses of childcare, travel, lodging expense [ if the clinic is not close] etc. Therefore, these costs may especially act as a barrier to low-income women. Ironically, these low income women are the group that experience the highest rate of unplanned/ unwanted pregnancies.
The added difficulties of logistics and prices can lead to delay in obtaining access to medical attention. In fact, 3 in 5 patients surveyed experienced delay reported the time it took to gather funds and make arrangements contributed to the delay.
Meanwhile a recent research in Utah’s in-person counseling law found that there is a 72- hours waiting period. Which on average meant 8 days between counseling and procedure for women who sought pregnancy termination.
Because of long waiting periods and other obstructions many women buy abortion pill online for quicker access and cheaper treatment.
Delay in care due to waiting periods
Waiting periods also result into delay in obtaining medical attention. This can cause an issue as both the risk and cost of an abortion increases as the gestation period increases.
Abortive patients who lived in a state [ where waiting periods are mandatory] waited 1 to ½ days longer compared to patients from other states.
Meanwhile three studies carried out in Mississippi in the 90’s found that state imposed in-person counseling and one-day waiting period requirement associated with a decrease in rate of abortion, an increase in pregnancy terminations out of state and rise in the proportion of abortions in second trimester.
Aborting procedures in later terms typically cost more than the one in earlier gestational stages. One can easily buy abortion pills and terminate pregnancy cost-effectively without surgical intervention. For instance, procedures at around 10 weeks cost $500 approximately compared to more than $1,500 for around 20 weeks’ gestation.
In a recent research, more than half of the patients wished they could have gotten the pregnancy terminated sooner.
The increase in risk of complication [ even if its magnificently low at this point] increases with the gestational age. The number of maternal deaths associated with pregnancy increases as the time it takes to obtain the procedure.
Therefore, poor women seeking abortion are caught in this vicious cycle. The longer they wait- the harder it is for them to afford it, all the while, health risk also increases with time.